2022年

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Kuaikuai Duan, Jiayu Chen, Zening Fu, Rogers F Silva, Vince Calhoun, Michela Dell'Orco, Nora I Perrone-Bizzozero, Yuhui Du, Wenhao Jiang, Jingyu Liu. Sparse Parallel Independent Component Analysis and Its Application to Identify Stable and Replicable Imaging-genomic Association Patterns in UK Biobank. medRxiv 2022.

时间:2022-11-03 18:51:35   来源:  点击:[316]

Abstract

Data fusion analyses of brain imaging and genomics enable the linking of genomic factors to brain patterns. Due to the small to modest effect sizes of common genetic variants, it is usually challenging to reliably identify relevant genetic factors from the rest of the genome with the typical sample size in neuroimaging studies. To alleviate this problem, we propose sparse parallel independent component analysis (spICA) to leverage the sparsity of individual genomic sources, building upon the existing parallel independent component analysis (pICA) algorithm. Sparsity is enforced by performing Hoyer projection on the estimated independent sources. Simulation results demonstrate that spICA yields improved recovery of imaging-genomic associations and sources compared to pICA. We applied spICA to whole-brain gray matter volume (GMV) and whole-genome single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) data of five different sets of 24,985 discovery samples in the UK Biobank. We identified three GMV sources significantly and stably associated with one SNP source and replicated these associations. GMV sources highlighted frontal, parietal, and temporal regions. Their corresponding loadings on individuals were related to multiple cognitive measures, and the temporal region interacts with age influencing cognition. The SNP component underscored SNPs in chromosome 17 that were enriched in the inflammation response pathway and in regulation effect in the prefrontal cortex via gene expression, methylation, transcription expression, and isoform percentage.