2022年

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Jiayu Chen, Zening Fu, Juan R Bustillo, Nora I Perrone-Bizzozero, Dongdong Lin, Jose Canive, Godfrey D Pearlson, Julia M Stephen, Andrew R Mayer, Steven G Potkin, Theo G M van Erp, Peter Kochunov, L Elliot Hong, Bhim M Adhikari, Ole A Andreassen, Ingrid Agartz, Lars T Westlye, Jing Sui, Yuhui Du, Fabio Macciardi, Faith M Hanlon, Rex E Jung, Jessica A Turner, Jingyu Liu, Vince D Calhoun, Genome-Transcriptome-Functional Connectivity-Cognition Link Differentiates Schizophrenia From Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia Bulletin, 2022;, sbac088, (中科院SCI分区:一区,影响因子:7.348)

时间:2022-11-03 17:10:03   来源:  点击:[293]

Abstract

Background and Hypothesis

Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) share genetic risk factors, yet patients display differential levels of cognitive impairment. We hypothesized a genome-transcriptome-functional connectivity (frontoparietal)-cognition pathway linked to SZ-versus-BD differences, and conducted a multiscale study to delineate this pathway.

Study Designs

Large genome-wide studies provided single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) conferring more risk for SZ than BD, and we identified their regulated genes, namely SZ-biased SNPs and genes. We then (a) computed the polygenic risk score for SZ (PRSSZ) of SZ-biased SNPs and examined its associations with imaging-based frontoparietal functional connectivity (FC) and cognitive performances; (b) examined the spatial correlation between ex vivo postmortem expressions of SZ-biased genes and in vivo, SZ-related FC disruptions across frontoparietal regions; (c) investigated SZ-versus-BD differences in frontoparietal FC; and (d) assessed the associations of frontoparietal FC with cognitive performances.

Study Results

PRSSZ of SZ-biased SNPs was significantly associated with frontoparietal FC and working memory test scores. SZ-biased genes’ expressions significantly correlated with SZ-versus-BD differences in FC across frontoparietal regions. SZ patients showed more reductions in frontoparietal FC than BD patients compared to controls. Frontoparietal FC was significantly associated with test scores of multiple cognitive domains including working memory, and with the composite scores of all cognitive domains.

Conclusions

Collectively, these multiscale findings support the hypothesis that SZ-biased genetic risk, through transcriptome regulation, is linked to frontoparietal dysconnectivity, which in turn contributes to differential cognitive deficits in SZ-versus BD, suggesting that potential biomarkers for more precise patient stratification and treatment.